Art Education 藝術教育


issue-10-dl

There are immense differences between Chinese and UK education systems and ideas. Art education, as specific as it is, is no exception. United Kingdom has long been proud of its education systems, and has attracted thousands of international students every year. This reality makes education one major source of income for UK, and the complete, healthy industry of quality education in turn promises prosperity and further development, raising for the world a great number of future professionals.

In recent years, there is a steady growth of Chinese students studying in the UK – for the Chinese, UK has in reality become the new Mecca, in terms of overseas education. Naturally, China in turn becomes an important market for British institutions. Specifically, because of UK’s pioneering role in the study and practice of creative industry, more and more Chinese students come to UK to study fine art, photography, design, film, drama and other disciplines that are related to the creative industry. Aiming at providing a general introduction to the UK art education system, and at providing a comparison between the system in the UK and that in China, we have featured in this issue numerous interviews with prestigious British art institutions. The interview with Royal College of Art focuses on the differences between programmes in one single institution; the interviews with Glasgow School of Art, Edinburg College of Art, University of Westminster examine the differences between same programme – photography, to be precise – in different institutions; we have also covered multi-disciplinary programmes and art schools that offer a wide range of programmes, from design, fine art, theatre, to photography and dance and etc. Alternative art education systems such as that found in the Christie’s Education and in the Alternative Art College as a relatively young phenomenon are also examined.

In short, through a large number of interviews and through multi-dimension comparisons, we try to present to you the historical development and general condition of art education in the UK today.

中英兩國的教育系統和教育理念有著很大的不同,在藝術教育方面也是如此。英國一直以自己的教育體系而自豪,每年來自全世界的學生們都慕名來此求學,這也讓教育成為了英國的一大收入來源,完備的教育產業鏈條和高質量的教育水平保證了英國教育的長盛不衰,為全世界培養的大量的優秀人才。

近些年來,從中國來英求學的留學生數量逐年增加,英國已經成為中國最受追捧的留學聖地,而且中國也已經成為了英國海外教育市場的第一大陣地。因為英國在創意產業研究和實踐中的領先地位,越來越多的學生來到英國學習與創意產業文化相關的課程,純藝術、攝影、設計、電影、戲劇等專業也越來越受到中國學生的青睞。為了讓大家更好地了解英國藝術教育的情況和中英兩地藝術教育的異同,我們特地訪問了英國很多的藝術院校和課程,有一個院校內不同學科的對比,如皇家藝術學院;也有同一專業在不同院校的橫向對比,比如格拉斯哥藝術學院、愛丁堡藝術學院和威斯敏斯特大學的攝影專業對比;同時我們覆蓋了設計、純藝術、劇場藝術、攝影及舞蹈等眾多門類的藝術課程和學校;除此之外,我們也囊括了很多比較“另類”的藝術項目如佳士得美術學院和“另類”藝術學院項目。

總之,我們試圖通過大量的訪談,通過橫向和縱向的對比,加之對各種不同類別和層級的教育來為讀者全面展示英國當下藝術教育的現狀和發展趨勢。