Disobedient Objects
逆物


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The V&A will this summer present the first exhibition to explore objects of art and design from around the world that have been created by grassroots social movements as tools of social change. From Chilean folk art textiles that document political violence to a graffiti-writing robot, defaced currency to giant inflatable cobblestones thrown at demonstrations in Barcelona, to a political video game about the making of mobile phones, Disobedient Objects will demonstrate how political activism drives a wealth of design ingenuity. The exhibition will showcase forms of making that defy standard definitions of art and design. The objects that will be on display are mostly produced by non-professional makers, collectively and with limited resources as effective responses to complex situations.

The exhibition will focus on the late 1970s to the present; a time that has brought new technologies, social and political challenges. The objects are made in a number of ways including: the appropriation of everyday objects for a new subversive purpose, as seen with the Bike Bloc which was produced from discarded bicycles and audio equipment welded together during the 2009 Reclaim Power protests in Copenhagen; the employment of traditional crafts like hand-appliquéd protest banners; and hacking cutting-edge technology to create such protest tools as a counter-surveillance drone.

Many of the exhibits will be loaned directly from activist groups from all over the world, bringing together for the first time many objects rarely before seen in a museum. Context will be provided by newspaper cuttings, how-to guides and film content, including interviews and footage of the objects in action. Each design will be accompanied by the maker’s statement to explain how and why the object was created.

Martin Roth, Director of the V&A said: “This exhibition celebrates the creative ‘disobedience’ of designers and makers who question the rules. It shows that even with the most limited of resources, ordinary people can take design into their own hands. This is a brave and unusual exhibition; these are brave and unusual designers. We are proud to present their work.”

10._I_wish_my_boyfriend_was_as_dirty_as_your_policies_1今年夏天,倫敦維多利亞及阿爾伯特博物館舉辦了《逆物》這樣一個展覽,展覽第一次將世界各地的民主運動和草根社會運動中出現和使用過的設計和藝術品集合起來,從而展示全球範圍內的各種民主及社會運動是如何將藝術與設計作為工具來改變我們的社會的。《逆物》展示了一系列內容豐富的“物件兒”,當中包括來自智利的記錄了政治暴力的民間紡織品、會製作塗鴉標語的機器人、被塗寫標語的美鈔、巴塞羅那示威遊行中使用的巨大充氣鵝卵石,還有諷刺政治現狀的手機遊戲等,這些展品都生動地給觀眾呈現了政治事件是如何推動和激發了豐富多樣的設計和藝術巧思。本次展覽以一種蔑視的態度對藝術和設計的既有定義進行了調侃。展覽當中的許多物品都是非專業人員製作的,這些群眾智慧的結晶使得在物料極其匱乏和簡陋的條件下依然可以讓人們對複雜的情況作出非常有效的反饋。

展覽內容主要集中於1970年至今的各種社會運動,這個時間段正是新科技發展對社會和政治產生巨大影響和挑戰的時期。展出的作品是通過各種不同的方式製造的,比如,有的物品是利用日常生活中常見的物品加以改造而使其具有了顛覆性的功能,例如2009年哥本哈根遊行抗議活動中使用的自行車擴音陣,就是用廢棄的自行車和音響設備焊接而成的;有的是用傳統十字繡工藝製作的大型抗議標語;還有用尖端黑客科技製造的用來幫助抗議人員干擾對方無線信號用的無人機等等。

大部份的展品都是直接從世界各地的抗議組織方借來的,這也是第一次將這些珍貴的道具在博物館裡面進行展示,展覽配合剪報、畫冊、視頻(採訪及資料片段)來為觀眾介紹每件物品所處的事件和當時的環境背景,而且每件物品的製造者都會為觀眾解釋物品的製作原因和過程。

V&A博物館館長馬丁·羅斯(Martin Roth)表示:“展覽中展示了那些‘不守規矩’的設計師和製作者,他們對規則提出了挑戰。我們可以看到,即使在資源極其有限的情況下,普通人還是可以通過設計來武裝和表達自己。這是一個勇敢的、不同尋常的展覽;展出的也是勇敢的、不同尋常的設計師們的作品。能夠在這裡展示他們的作品,我感到無比自豪。”

 

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展覽場地:V&A MUSEUM 維多利亞及阿爾伯特博物館
展覽時間:26.7.2014 – 1.2.2015
更多信息:www.vam.ac.uk