ELEGANCE IN HALF A CENTURY NATIONAL THEATRE 50TH ANNIVERSARY
半個世紀的優雅 英國國家劇院50周年慶典


 Resource: National Theatre

As early as 1847, a British drama critic using the pseudonym Dramaticus, published a pamphlet criticizing the lack of serious dramas in British theatre, and also the fact that production of serious plays was restricted to the Lord Chamberlain’s Office, and the circumstance that the theatre was driven by commercialism and a ‘star’ system. In the following years, in order to maintain British serious dramas as well as the development and heritage of stage performance, tremendous efforts were made, and as a result, the New Shakespeare Company (now the Royal Shakespeare Company) was founded which is located in the homeland of Shakespeare. And specialized drama schools were gradually set up, such as the present Royal Academy of Dramatic Art. However, this still left the capital city of London without a national theatre.

早在1847年,署假名為“戲劇家”的一位 英國劇評人公開發表了一篇文章以抨擊 當時英國戲劇界嚴肅戲劇的缺失,並且 劇本需要通過張伯倫勛爵辦公室(Lord Chamberlain’s Office)的審查的現狀,並 且指出劇院被商業利益驅使,過度依賴 明星。隨後的若干年裡,為了維護英國嚴 肅戲劇以及舞臺表演的發展和傳承,一行 人不懈努力,終於逐漸興建了位於莎翁故 鄉的新莎士比亞劇團(如今的皇家莎士比 亞劇團)以及戲劇表演的專業學校(Royal Academy of Dramatic Art)。然而,在首 都倫敦,一個國家級別劇院的缺失問題仍 然沒有解決。


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