‘Everything Was Moving’ – Photography from the 60s and 70s’
一切都在改變 – 20世纪六十到七十年代的攝影


Text and images by courtesy of The Barbican Art Gallery

圖文提供: 倫敦巴比肯藝術中心

13.09.2012 – 13.01.2013

This major photography exhibition tells a history of photography through the camera lens. The survey show brings together approximately 350 works, some rarely seen together with recent discoveries and many prints being exhibited for the first time in the UK.

Key figures featured include William Eccleston, David Goldblatt, Graciela Iturbide, Boris Mikhailov, Ernest Cole (South Africa’s first black freelance photographer) and Indian ‘street art’ photographer Raghubir Singh.

The exhibition covers the 1960s and 1970s – a pivotal era that defined the modern age, emerging from the post-colonial and Cold War era. Photography came to thrive as a modern art form with the advance of the medium as a new aesthetic language.

Great ‘auteur’ photographers emerged from both the developed and ‘developing’ world, and during this politically volatile time, photographers such as Li Zhensheng and Ernest Cole often risked their lives to capture images that would tell the story of common suffering and of their own lives in such harsh circumstances.

Li’s photographs, some of which have never been revealed in public, recorded China during Mao’s strict reign during the Cultural Revolution (1966-76).  The photographs were taken for the Heilongiiang Daily, a newspaper in the North East of China, on the border with Russia. After photographing in secret, he concealed the negatives by burying them under his mud floor. The astonishing discovery of 30,000 negatives only came to light in the West, at the end of the 20th Century and is the most complete visual record known of this extraordinary period of human history.

Ernest Cole’s (1940-90) recently discovered collection of vintage prints is shown for the first time in Britain in this exhibition. At the time of segregation in South Africa, Cole persuaded the Race Classification Board that he was not ‘black’ but ‘coloured’ and was therefore able to practice as a photographer at a time when many black photographers were persecuted and imprisoned. After documenting what it was like to be black under apartheid, Cole then escaped South Africa on 9th May 1966 to live in exile in New York; this enabled him to publish House of Bondage, 1967, an indelible record of being black under apartheid in South Africa. Cole never returned home and died in poverty.

‘Everything was moving’ – Photography from the 60s and 70s tells the photographer’s story during a fractious and pivotal time in world affairs.

13.09.2012 – 13.01.2013

這個重要的攝影展是通過照相機的鏡頭來講述攝影歷史。縱觀展覽,多達350幅作品呈現在觀眾面前,當中有最新發現的罕見作品,而且許多作品在英國是第一次展出。

展覽囊括了眾多重要的攝影師,其中包括威廉·埃克萊斯頓(William Eccleston)、大衛·葛浩文(David Goldblatt)、格拉謝拉·艾特拜德(Graciela Iturbide)、鮑里斯·米哈伊洛夫(Boris Mikhailov)、歐內斯特·科爾(Ernest Cole)(南非第一位黑人自由攝影師)以及印度的“街頭藝術”攝影師拉弗博·辛格(Raghubir Singh)。

展覽跨越了二十世紀60和70年代──一個來自於後殖民時期和冷戰時代,一個定義現代社會的關鍵時期。攝影,作為一種新的審美語言,蓬勃發展為一種先進媒介的現代藝術形式。

發達國家和“發展中”國家都會出現風格獨特的偉大攝影師,在這個政治動盪的時期,譬如中國的李振聲和南非的俄內斯特·科爾(Ernest Cole),攝影師們經常是冒著生命危險去捕捉影像,來講述平民受難的故事,以及在如此惡劣的情況下自己的生活。

李振聲的圖片,記錄了在文革期間(1966-1976年)的社會狀態,其中一些從未在公眾面前露面。這些照片是為《黑龍江日報》所拍攝的,這家報社在中國的東北,比鄰俄羅斯。在秘密拍攝後,他將這些照片的底片掩埋在了自家的泥土地裡。在二十世紀末期,這驚人的三萬張底片在西方曝光,這是人類歷史上對這一特殊時期的最完整的視覺紀錄。

此次近期發現的俄內斯特·科爾(1940-90)的老式照片收藏是首次在英國展出。在南非的種族隔離時期,科爾說服了種族分類董事會他不是“黑人”,而是“有色人種”,所以,在那個黑人攝影師飽受迫害和監禁的時期,他能夠作為一名攝影師拍攝。在紀錄了種族隔離下的黑人生活情境後,科爾於1966年5月9日逃離南非在紐約過著流亡的生活,這使他能夠在1967年出版《奴役的房子(House of Bondage)》,一本不可磨滅的關於南非黑人生活的實錄。科爾從未回國,並在貧困中死去。

《一切都在改變──六十到七十年代的攝影》講述了在那個混亂並關鍵的世界背景下,一個又一個攝影師的故事。