Figures
一些數字


TEXT BY 撰文 x 武楠 Wu Nan

TRANSLATED BY 翻譯 x 黃煥欣 Syndi Huang

According to the survey of the British National Federation of Artists Studio Providers (NFASP), till 2010, there are 252 artist studio centres across the UK that are managed by 144 organizations, providing 5450 studios for 7250 artists, with a total area of over 150,000 square meters. 40% of these studio suppliers are charities, and more than half of them are self-financing providers with no government or other forms of funding.

根據英國藝術家工作室供應商聯合會(NFASP, National Federation of Artsits Studio Providers)的調查顯示,截止2010年,全英國有144個組織管理著252座藝術家工作室中心,為7250為藝術家提供了5450個工作室,總面積超過15萬平方米,這些工作室供應商當中有40%為慈善機構,超過一半的工作室供應商是自負盈虧,完全沒有政府或者其他形式資助的。

London is a global cultural powerhouse. As an international cultural hub contains a blend of cultural assets and activities, London has more artist studios than other parts of the UK altogether. The studios throughout London account for 60% of the total amount, taking up to nearly 85,000 square meters, and they are organized by 27 professional developers, providing a total of 72 artist studio centres. More than two third of the artist studio centres are located in east and southeast London, with more than 2000 artist studios which encompass more than 90% of the well-known artists. According to research, 80% of the studios are held by renting, and only a handful of artists have the duty freehold.

倫敦是一個全球性的文化重地。作為國際樞紐融匯著蘊含全世界文化資產和活動的文化大城市,整個倫敦地區的藝術家工作室比英國境內其他地區所有的藝術家工作室加起來都要多,占總數的60%近8.5萬平方米,其中有27家專業的地產商來整理和提供一共72個藝術家工作室中心。而超過三分之二的藝術家工作室中心位於倫敦的東區和東南區,有超過2000位藝術家的工作室含括其中,90%以上是知名藝術家。根據調查研究,80%的工作室是由租賃形式存在的,只有極少數的一本分是藝術家自身擁有永久產權。

In the UK, there are at least 4500 artists on the waiting list for studios, 3553 of which are in London. Due to London’s location and artistic resources, artist studios are in great demand. Artists in London indeed lead to the development of the London art studios, from the “single room” style at the beginning to the later development of “group providing studios”. A bold forecast predicts that in the next decade London will generate at least 430 new artist studios. London’s rental cost tops the rest of the UK, with an average rent of £9.72 per square foot per year. On average, 11% of the studio conditions are in a “poor” state. Only 29% of the studios are equipped with central heating. Many artists share the studios, and the survey shows every 12 artists share 10 studios.

全英國有至少4500名藝術家在這些工作室候選名單上,其中倫敦就占了至少3553名。倫敦的地理位置和藝術資源使這些藝術家工作室炙手可熱。在倫敦的藝術家們也確實帶動了倫敦藝術工作室的發展,他們從一開始的一個“單人房(single room)”發展到後來的“組群工作室(group providing studios)”。有一個大膽的估計,在未來的十年裡倫敦將會產生至少430個新的藝術家工作室。基於倫敦的租房費用是全英國最貴的,平均租金為9.72英鎊每年每平方英尺。平均下來有11%的工作室條件處於“差”的狀態,只有29%的工作室有中央供暖,有很多藝術家以合租形式使用工作室,調查顯示每10個工作室裡有12位藝術家。

In fact, there are quite some areas in London having been developed into new artist studios, but most artists are not able to afford the high rents. The following chart shows the regional distribution and quantity of new studios in London, where east London is the more sought after area by artists. East London has always been the centre of artist studio development. Low rents and rich artistic atmosphere bring more and more economic development to the area, while artists and artist studios are growing at the same time. (Chart 1)

其實倫敦有相當多的地區都為藝術家開發了新的工作室,但大部分的藝術家負擔不起高額的租金。下面圖表中是倫敦的新工作室的地區分布和數量,從圖表中可以看出倫敦東區是藝術家比較熱衷的區域。東倫敦一直是藝術家工作室發展的中心,低廉的租金和濃郁的藝術氛圍給了東倫敦帶來越來越多的經濟發展,同時藝術家和藝術家工作室集群也日益壯大。(圖表1)

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