Interview with Neil Mulholland
專訪尼爾·穆赫蘭道教授


Interview with Neil Mulholland
Programme Director of MA/MFA Contemporary Art Photography
Associate Head School of Art / Head of Postgraduate/Context
Edinburgh College of Art The University of Edinburgh
愛丁堡藝術學院當代藝術攝影碩士/純藝碩士課程主任
愛丁堡藝術學院藝術學系副主任
專訪尼爾·穆赫蘭道教授

Text by: Funky He
撰文:何伊寧
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The Contemporary Art Photography programme at Edinburg College of Art (ECA) primarily enables students to use lens-based media to examine and explore themes of their own choosing and to produce a resolved body of work allied to rigorous research and professional practice. ECA Students consistently demonstrate exceptional levels of achievement across an impressive range of practice including Landscape, Documentary, Portraiture, Still Life, Video. Whatever the approach, it is undertaken within contemporary contexts allied to historical/cultural awareness of the medium in the context of contemporary art practice and underpinned by academic rigour.

愛丁堡藝術學院當代藝術攝影課程力求讓學生通過使用鏡頭的媒體去考察並探索他們自己所選擇的題材,並制作出具有活力的研究和專業的作品。愛丁堡藝術大學的學生們在一直以來都在如景觀攝影、紀實攝影、肖像、靜物攝影或錄像中展現出非凡的水平。無論選擇何種攝影方式,這門課程都是與攝影在當代藝術實踐的歷史和文化認知背景下展開討論的,並以學術的嚴謹性作為支撐。


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ART.ZIP: Can you tell us about the Contemporary Art Photography course at the Edinburgh College of Art as a whole?

NM: Photography at the Edinburgh College of Art used to be a design course – not long ago – it was in the design school, but it has held a visual communication perspective for a long time. It sat inside animation, film and television and so was in that kind of design/photography niche, but the staff had always been fine art photographers. Undergraduate photography in that sense was very broad and it combined a fine art sensibility with a design photography technical ability. The programmes at ECA are kind of mixture whilst Glasgow School of Art, for example, has two programmes that are completely separate. The course here is more or less dominated by a fine art approach and recently we have moved over to the School of Art from the School of Design.

Photography students here all have studio space which they share with others. It is all about what kind of work they are making. Many of our photography students don’t need a lot of space as they spend a lot of time out – off site – or in the dark room. They don’t necessarily sit in the studio, but some of them take the opportunity to use the space they have and to use the facilities that the art school has. So they may spend time learning how to cast or they may do a lot of video, digital work, web work and electronic, that kind of thing. So it all depends on what their interest is, perhaps aside of a conventional lens based approach to making their work. But there is usually something that draws them back towards lens based practice. Take one of our students who graduated last year for example. She worked for a few years on lenses specifically, and collaborated with staff and students in the glass department to make lenses. Then she used the lenses to create photographs.

ART.ZIP: 您能就愛丁堡藝術學院的當代藝術攝影專業給我們一個大致的介紹嗎?

NM: 一直以來,愛丁堡藝術學院的攝影專業中都被劃分在設計院系當中。雖然攝影被設置為實用設計專業,但卻從很早之前便開始往視覺傳媒的方向發展;同時,我們在傳統意義上將攝影和動畫、電影和電視視為同一個門類,但其授課老師卻一直都是藝術攝影的實踐者。愛丁堡藝術學院攝影本科專業所涉及的內容相當廣泛,它既享用了實用攝影的技術設施,同時也包含在藝術的語境當中。相較格拉斯哥藝術學院來說,愛丁堡的本科課程將上述的教學內容合二為一,而不是在傳統的意義上分設兩個專業。

然而正是因為我們在攝影課程中或多或少地采用了當代藝術的教學方式,因而不久前則將它從設計學院劃分到藝術學院中來。同研究生課程的整體性而言,愛丁堡藝術學院的攝影本科專業是一個非常寬泛的課程,其內容涉及到繪畫、雕塑和媒體等各個領域。攝影本科的課程不單包括上面所提到造型學科,同時還有涵蓋了攝影理論的學習。這樣,我們的學生們都能夠共享工作室中的所有資源。所有攝影專業的學生都在一個樓裡學習,並分配有共享的影棚,而據我了解,很多學校是沒有影棚專門提供給攝影系學生的。不過這也要取決於學生選擇創作何種類型的作品,我們很多學生大部分時間都在外拍,或者花上大把的時間在暗房中。這樣的學生沒有必要成天待在影棚裡工作,但另外一些學生則選擇利用這所藝術學院內所提供的影棚和其他設施進行創作。在攝影創作之外,學生可能會學習如何做雕塑、或是嘗試制作視頻、或與數碼、網絡或電子類相關的實踐。不過這統統取決於學生們的個人興趣所在,但是都和鏡頭有一定的聯系。舉個例子來說,我們上一屆畢業的一位學生花了幾年時間研究與相機鏡頭相關的領域,她的畢業創作便是同玻璃工藝專業的老師和學生一起合作完成的,然後她再用這些鏡頭創作作品。


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