Making Colour
工於色


TEXT BY文字提供:ART.ZIP

IMAGES COURTESY OF 圖片提供:National Gallery 英國國家畫廊

 

NG4865 Hilaire Germain Edgar Degas Combing the Hair ('La Coiffure') about 1896 Oil on canvas 114.3 x 146.7 cm Credit Line: The National Gallery, London

NG4865
Hilaire Germain Edgar Degas
Combing the Hair (‘La Coiffure’)
about 1896
Oil on canvas
114.3 x 146.7 cm
Credit Line:
The National Gallery, London

‘Making Colour’, the first exhibition of its kind in the UK, offers visitors an exceptional opportunity to discover the wide-ranging materials used to create colour in paintings and other works of art. Using the National Gallery’s own paintings and loans from major UK cultural institutions, the exhibition traces the history of making colour in Western paintings, from the Middle Ages to the end of the 19th century.

NG5962 Masaccio Saints Jerome and John the Baptist about 1428-9 Egg tempera on poplar 125 x 58.9 cm Credit Line: The National Gallery, London

NG5962
Masaccio
Saints Jerome and John the Baptist
about 1428-9
Egg tempera on poplar
125 x 58.9 cm
Credit Line:
The National Gallery, London

The exhibition brings together the worlds of art and science to explain how artists overcame the technical challenges involved in creating colour. ‘Making Colour’ shows the material problems faced by artists in achieving their painterly aims, the breakthroughs they struggled for, and the difficulties they faced in creating works of art that were both beautiful and enduring. ‘Making Colour ‘ looks at its subject from multiple perspectives. It examines the origins of paint sources – be it the natural world or human invention – and their supply, manufacture and application, as well as their permanence and colour effect.

‘Making Colour’ is illustrated at every stage by National Gallery paintings, complemented by selected objects on loan, such as Joseph Mallord William Turner’s paintbox. The exhibition includes Claude Monet’s ‘Lavacourt under Snow’ (about 1878–81) on display with lapis lazuli figurines from the British Museum and the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford. Anthony van Dyck’s ‘Lady Elizabeth Thimbelby and her Sister’ (1637) and elaborate majolica plates from the British Museum help to illustrate the story of yellow. In the red room Degas’s ‘Combing the Hair (‘La Coiffure’)’ (about 1896) and Masaccio’s ‘Saints Jerome and John the Baptist’ (about 1428–9) are displayed alongside fragments of beautiful crimson velvet brocade on loan from the Victoria and Albert Museum, London.

Caroline Campbell, Curator of Italian Paintings before 1500 at the National Gallery, said: “Artists from the Middle Ages to the present day have sought to find suitable pigments and colours. This exhibition is a wonderful opportunity to celebrate this quest for colour. Thanks to the work of our Scientific Department, we can add another layer to our understanding of how artists created such beautiful images.”

《工於色》為觀眾提供了一種全新的展覽體驗。參觀者可以通過此次展覽更好地了解繪畫和其它藝術作品中顏色的形成,以及那些被廣泛使用的原材料。英國國家畫廊將自己的藏品和從其他機構租借來的展品進行集中展示,通過它們來追溯從中世紀到19世紀末西方繪畫顏料製作的歷史。

展覽將藝術和科技兩個領域的發展有機地結合起來,講述了藝術家們是如何克服和解決了在顏料製作過程中出現的種種挑戰和難題。《工於色》展示了藝術家們為了尋求突破、為了達成其創作的初衷、亦或是為了創造傳世不朽的美麗畫作時要面對的各種關於“顏料材質”的難題。展覽從各種不同角度對這個問題進行了闡釋,從顏料的來源──不論是人工的還是天然的、供應、生產、應用、持久性和色彩表現力等各個層面進行了分析和展示。

《工於色》展示了國家畫廊各個時期的藏品,同時精選了一些外借的物件作為補充,比如J.M.W.特納(Joseph Mallord William Turner)的顏料盒等。此次展覽展出的作品包括:克勞德·莫奈( Claude Monet)的《雪中的拉維格(Lavacourt under Snow)》(1878–81),同它一起展出的還有來自大英博物館與牛津阿什莫林博物館的青金石雕塑、安東尼·梵戴克(Anthony van Dyck)的《伊麗莎白·西姆布萊比小姐和她的姐妹(Lady Elizabeth Thimbelby and her Sister)》(1637)和用來講述黃顏色背後故事的精緻琺瑯彩盤子,紅色房間裡陳列著德加(Degas)的《梳髮(La Coiffure)》(1896),馬薩喬(Masaccio)的《聖傑羅姆和施洗約翰(Saints Jerome and John the Baptist)》(1428-9)與從維多利亞及阿爾伯特博物館借來的美麗的深紅色花絲絨碎片一起陳列展示。

英國國家畫廊策展人卡羅琳·坎貝爾(Caroline Campbell)表示:“從中世紀至今,藝術家都力求找到他們所需要的顏料和顏色。在對顏色探索的漫漫長路中,此次展覽可被視為一個階段性的勝利。通過科研人員的不懈努力,我們可以更深入地了解藝術家是如何創造出如此美麗的圖畫的。”

Tips 小貼士

展覽場地:National Gallery 英國國家畫廊

展覽時間:18.6.2014 – 7.9.2014

更多信息:www.nationalgallery.org.uk