MAN RAY 曼·雷


Rather than shooting an object, it is better to shoot an idea; Instead of shooting an idea, it is better to shoot a dream.

— Man Ray

 與其拍攝一個東西,不如拍攝一個意念;與其拍攝一個意念,不如拍攝一個幻夢。

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Man Ray (born Emmanuel Radnitzky, 1890-1976) is an American modernist artist who spent most of his career in Paris, France. He has been a significant contributor to the Dada and Surrealist movements, although his ties to each were informal. He produced major works in a variety of media but considered himself as a painter above all. Man Ray is best known in the art world for his avant-garde photography, and he is a renowned fashion and portrait photographer. Ray is also noted for his work with photograms, which he called “rayographs” in reference to himself.

·雷(原名伊曼紐爾·拉德尼茨基,1890-1976)是一位美國現代主義藝術家,在法國巴黎度過了自己大部分職業生涯。他為達達主義運動和超現實主義運動作出了巨大的貢獻,儘管他並沒有正式地參與這兩次運動。他的作品多見於各種類型的媒體中,但他自認為是一位畫家。曼·雷因他的先鋒派攝影而為人所知,他同時也是一位有聲望的時裝攝影師和肖像攝影師。曼雷也因他對物影照片(rayograph/photogram的發展做出的貢獻而著名。

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Man Ray is the first artist in the history whose photography works have attained far more value than other art types that he was capable of. And he is also the world’s first art explorer that extensively used special techniques for photography creation. Many of the photographic techniques still popular and widely applied today are founded by Man Ray. Having greatly expanded the photographic art field and opened up an unprecedented new world, Man Ray is therefore deemed as one of the most significant pioneers in the history of contemporary photography.

·雷是有史以來第一個攝影作品價遠遠超越其他所擅長的藝術形式的藝術家,他也是世界上最早廣泛運用攝影的特殊技法來進行攝影創作的藝術探索者,許多今天仍然流傳不衰的攝影技法就是由他始創的。他大大擴展了攝影藝術的領域,開闢了一片前所未有的新天地,因而被認為是當代攝影史上最重要的先驅之一。


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