MAN RAY 曼·雷


  .

Man Ray, who has been involved in the Dada and Surrealist art activities, is a restless photographic technique experimenter as well as a photographic artist. He experimented without camera with some objects placed directly between the light source and light-sensitive materials as to create a photo from the outline and shadow transmission. This kind of photo without negative is known later on as “rayograph” or “photogram”. Darkroom processing and multiple exposure were also employed to merge disorderly together unrelated images that were deformed, omitted, anti-logic or hyper-normal to create the peculiarity between reality and fantasy, figurative and abstract, and an absurd and mysterious realm of art. The images have been filled with certain symbolic and suggestive meanings to make the contents of the works shine but not defined.

·雷是一位曾參與達達派和超現實主義派藝術活動的、不知疲倦的攝影技術試驗家和攝影藝術家。他曾嘗試不用照相機,而是將某些物體直接置於光源和感光材料之間,通過輪廓、陰影的透射製作成照片。後人將這種不用底片的照片稱為·雷式照片(rayograph物影照片(photogram。他還曾利用暗房加工、多次曝光等特技將一些互不關聯的影像或變形、或省略,反邏輯、超常態地錯亂組合在一起,創造一種現實與夢幻、具象與抽象之間的奇特,荒誕而又神秘的藝術境界。畫面充滿著某種象徵性和暗示性,使作品涵閃爍而不確定。

 .

The subjects Man Ray took photography of include Pablo Picasso wearing matador costume, Tristan Tzara with a monocle, drunken Sinclaire Lewis, Marcel Duchamp as a drag queen, Francis Picabia sitting in the car holding the steering wheel, James Joyce hand covering his eyes away from the light. There are also photographs of Henri Matisse, Georges Braque, Constantin Brancusi, etc.

·雷拍過穿鬥牛士服裝的畢加索(Pablo Picasso)、戴單片眼鏡的特里斯丹·匝拉(Tristan Tzara)、醉態畢露的辛克萊·劉易士(Sinclaire Lewis)、男扮女裝的杜尚(Marcel Duchamp)、坐在汽車方向盤後的畢卡比亞(Francis Picabia)、用手遮眼睛擋光的喬伊斯(James Joyce),還有馬蒂斯(Henri Matisse)、勃拉克(Georges Braque)、布朗庫(Constantin Brancusi)等等。

.