POP ART 波普藝術


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Pop Art is an art movement that emerged in the mid-1950s in Britain and in the late 1950s in the United States. Pop Art presented a challenge to traditions of fine art by including imagery from popular culture such as advertising, news, etc. In Pop Art, material is sometimes visually removed from its known context, isolated, and or combined with unrelated material. The concept of Pop Art refers not as much to the art itself as to the attitudes that let to it.

波普藝術是指在20世紀50年代中期在英國及50年代 末期在美國興起的一波藝術運動。波普藝術運動對傳統美術的概念提出了挑戰,它將流行文化中的形象和符號從既定的已知文本背景中抽離,通過孤立或者與無關的材料相拼合來形成藝術家所表達的新的意向。在波普藝術的觀念中,藝術觀念與藝術態度的導向要遠遠比藝術本身更為重要。

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D.Eduardo Paolozzi. I was a Rich Man’s Plaything, 1947   D1.David Hockney. Pearblossom Highway, 1986.

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Pop Art employs aspects of mass culture, such as advertising, comic books and mundane cultural objects. It is widely interpreted as a reaction to the then-dominant ideas of abstract expressionism, as well as an expansion upon them. And due to its utilization of found objects and images it is similar to Dada. Pop Art is aimed to employ images of popular culture as opposed to elitist culture in art, emphasizing the banal or kitschy elements of any given culture, most often through the use of irony. Much of Pop Art is considered incongruent, as the conceptual practices that are often used make it difficult for some to readily comprehend. Pop art and minimalism are considered to be art movements that precede postmodern art, or are some of the earliest examples of Post-modern Art themselves.

波普藝術廣泛的採用大眾和世俗文化中的元素,包括廣告、漫畫和日常物品,同時它也被廣泛的認為是對當時的佔主導地位的抽象表現主義藝術觀念的一個回應和擴展。而在形式上波普藝術對圖像和物品的運用方式又很接近於達達主義。波普藝術採用流行和大眾文化中的圖像為的是反對藝術中的精英文化,用諷刺的手段來突出大眾文化元素的平庸和媚俗。對波普藝術概念和作品的解讀往往是多樣性的,而且這種觀念上的實踐往往會導致其不容易被理解。波普藝術和極簡主義被認為是後現代藝術之前的藝術運動,或者是一些後現代藝術最早的案例。

 

The rise of the Pop Art movement in the 1960s brings up a group of well-known artists, such as Andy Warhol, Richard Hamilton, David Hockney, Roy Lichtenstein. From the development of the art concept, the spiritual essence of the Pop Art movement is against the established cultural authority and the “elite” art trend at that time, and to question and negate the traditional academic and modern art. It is also when the “post modern” cultural concept is initially formed. Up till now, the exploration of “post-modern” cultural and sociological concepts can be found evidence from the Pop Art movement. And Pop Art remains affecting our lives. A lot of fashion designers and graphic designers today directly or indirectly draw inspirations from Pop Art.

波普藝術運動在上個世紀60年代的興起造就了一批知名藝術家,如安迪·沃霍爾(Andy Warhol)、理察·漢密爾頓(Richard Hamilton)、大衛·霍克尼(David Hockney)和羅依·李奇登斯坦(Roy Lichtenstein)等。從藝術理念的發展階段來看,波普藝術運動的精神涵是反抗當時既定的文化權威以及藝術的精英化傾向,對傳統學院派和現代藝術提出了質疑和否定,也是現代文化概念的初步形成,時至今日對後現代文化和社會學概念的探討中都可以從波普藝術運動中找到佐證,而且波普藝術的影響力也持續影響著我們的生活,當下很多服裝設計師和平面設計師都在直接或者間接的從波普藝術中獲得創作靈感。


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