THE ARNOLFINI WEDDING PORTRAIT
阿諾芬尼的婚禮


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The Arnolfini Wedding Portrait by Jan Van Eyck is appointed by Giovanni Arnolfini to depict the scene he and his betrothed take the marriage vows in a Flemish bedchamber. On the painting, Van Eyck signed “Jan Van Eyck 1434”. The Arnolfini Wedding Portrait thus becomes a secular painting of historical record. It witnesses the marriage customs in the first half of the 15th century in Netherlands, and simultaneously applies the portrait purpose. This painting is the first in the history since the Middle Age to depict the background of middle-class domestic living with this sort of marriage theme. It not only unveils the beginning of a new era and new belief, but also reflects the rise of humanism; since then, even the middle class are able to achieve personal aspirations, having the power to enjoy ideal lives.

《阿諾芬尼的婚禮 (The Arnolfini Wedding Portrait)》楊··艾克受阿諾芬尼之託所畫的婚禮一幕──新婚夫妻在臥房中舉行的婚盟儀式,他並在畫上簽署··艾克,1434”的字樣。這幅《阿諾芬尼的婚禮》就此成為一幅記錄史實的世俗畫,它也見證了15世紀上半葉尼德蘭的結婚習俗,同時也發揮了肖像畫的功能。像這樣以婚禮為主題,描繪中階級居家背景的畫作,自中世紀以來堪稱首舉。這不僅揭示了新時代和新觀念的開始,也反映出人文主義的抬頭;從這時候起,即使是中階級的人,也能實現個人願望,擁有享受理想生活的權力。

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In view of the painting’s composition, from the posture of the newlyweds to the indoor displays, every object portrayed conveys a fulfilling matrimony. In the painting, Arnolfini the man of the house has exactly the same look as in another portrait of him by Van Eyck, thus Van Eyck is found having applied the technique loyal to the realism of character looks. The painting hence is viewed as a double portrait. However, the figure of the character illustrated is slender with streamlining depiction. In this regard, the painter was idealizing the character’s body on which his luxurious garments can be fully presented. The slender proportion of the figure and the coherence of the upper and lower parts of garment lines are characteristics of Gothic art.

在此構圖裡,從新婚夫妻的動作到室所有的擺設物品,一切的事物都附帶著象徵婚姻美滿的意義。 從此畫中男主人阿諾芬尼與其另一幅肖像畫面貌完全一樣的情形,可以知道楊··艾克在描繪《阿諾芬尼的婚禮》時,是以忠於人物長相的寫實手法表現的,這幅畫因而也常被當成雙人肖像畫看待。但是人物的身材仍呈現修長而簡化的體型,在這方面畫家理想化了人物的身體,並充分表現人物華貴的衣服。比例修長、上下身衣褶線條相連貫的人物造形,乃哥德式藝術的特徵。

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