Pop Art is an art movement that emerged in the mid-1950s in Britain and in the late 1950s in the United States. Pop Art presented a challenge to traditions of fine art by including imagery from popular culture such as advertising, news, etc. In Pop Art, material is sometimes visually removed from its known context, isolated, and or combined with unrelated material. The concept of Pop Art refers not as much to the art itself as to the attitudes that let to it.
Pop Art employs aspects of mass culture, such as advertising, comic books and mundane cultural objects. It is widely interpreted as a reaction to the then-dominant ideas of abstract expressionism, as well as an expansion upon them. And due to its utilization of found objects and images it is similar to Dada. Pop Art is aimed to employ images of popular culture as opposed to elitist culture in art, emphasizing the banal or kitschy elements of any given culture, most often through the use of irony. Much of Pop Art is considered incongruent, as the conceptual practices that are often used make it difficult for some to readily comprehend. Pop art and minimalism are considered to be art movements that precede postmodern art, or are some of the earliest examples of Post-modern Art themselves.
The rise of the Pop Art movement in the 1960s brings up a group of well-known artists, such as Andy Warhol, Richard Hamilton, David Hockney, Roy Lichtenstein. From the development of the art concept, the spiritual essence of the Pop Art movement is against the established cultural authority and the “elite” art trend at that time, and to question and negate the traditional academic and modern art. It is also when the “post modern” cultural concept is initially formed. Up till now, the exploration of “post-modern” cultural and sociological concepts can be found evidence from the Pop Art movement. And Pop Art remains affecting our lives. A lot of fashion designers and graphic designers today directly or indirectly draw inspirations from Pop Art.
波普藝術運動在上個世紀60年代的興起造就了一批知名藝術家，如安迪·沃霍爾（Andy Warhol）、理察·漢密爾頓（Richard Hamilton）、大衛·霍克尼（David Hockney）和羅依·李奇登斯坦（Roy Lichtenstein）等。從藝術理念的發展階段來看，波普藝術運動的精神內涵是反抗當時既定的文化權威以及藝術的“精英化”傾向，對傳統學院派和現代藝術提出了質疑和否定，也是“後現代”文化概念的初步形成，時至今日對“後現代”文化和社會學概念的探討中都可以從波普藝術運動中找到佐證，而且波普藝術的影響力也持續影響著我們的生活，當下很多服裝設計師和平面設計師都在直接或者間接的從波普藝術中獲得創作靈感。