EDITED BY 編輯 x HARRY LIU 劉競晨
TEXT BY 撰文 x FION GUNN 菲昂·戈恩
TRANSLATED BY 翻譯 x SUDONG CAI 蔡蘇東
The importance of curation did not come to me at first from a contemporary art exhibition but an exhibition The Silk Road(2004) in British Library. At that time, I was for the first time clearly aware that curation can express substantial information in such a graceful and fantastic manner, and that a curator is able to render such a complex content into a well-organized exhibition language and convey the very idea of exhibition by means of multidimensional and diverse presentations.
In 2006, quite accidentally I had an opportunity to curate an exhibition in China, and that marked the beginning of my curatorial practices. It was an exhibition displaying contemporary art in Ireland, which, honestly, turned out rather dissatisfactory. From that experience, however, I learnt quite a lot; I began to communicate more with the artists around, interact with community groups and access more information, instead of limiting myself to a self-confined world. From then on, I engaged myself more in curatorial practices.
In 2009, I began to realize my role shift as an “artist as curator”—on one hand I have my own artistic pursuit and on the other I research and plan for exhibition projects. In my curatorial practices, I have been paying close attention to the following aspects.
- how to make art available for the widest audience possible without compromising on quality and innovativeness
- how to facilitate diverse practices and diverse viewpoints
- how to gender rebalance public and private collections of contemporary art
- how to achieve positive interaction of international and local art & artists
As an artist at the very frontline of artistic creation, I naturally adopt different perspectives from the other curators in curation. Nevertheless, the role of artist and curator is not binary, it’s not about either/or, surely the art world will be a better environment from having a diversity of curatorial and authorial voices. At the same time, I am in a better position to approach various issues thanks to my role as an artist-curator and responsibilities involved, such as public alienation or even distaste of contemporary art, lack of understanding of the concept of curator, negative impacts of “celebrity” curators on artistic development, isolated and helpless status of artist-curators and so on.
Hence, essential understanding of contemporary art should be enabled in a wider audience so that art in its nature will not be understood as deals and solely related to profit, nor a vague jargon system or something priced astronomically, but an expression of aspiration to create, communicate and take risk. In this issue, we invited and interviewed a number of art practitioners, hopefully staging a discussion about “artist-curator” under current circumstances as well as showcasing difficulties and challenges confronting them in their respective working environments. The artists, curators and artist-curators in question are from various countries and regions, grown up in different cultures and with divergent backgrounds. This issue is hoped to promote art and the concept of curator to more people, therefore encouraging participation in art and enhancing artistic enjoyment for every one of us.
我第一次認識到“策展”的重要性並不是在當代藝術領域的展覽中，而是在大英圖書館的《絲綢之路（The Silk Road）》展覽上，那是2004年，我第一次清楚地認識到“策展”可以將海量的信息轉化成優雅和美妙的表達形式，而“策展人”將龐雜的內容梳理成為線索清晰的展覽語言，并通過立體化、多樣化的呈現方式來傳達展覽理念。
Why Is This Swing Important?
So why is the artist as curator an issue at all? What do we bring to the experience of exhibitions that is any different from the academic, the writer, the museum custodian who dominates the current scene?
Why is this swing important? I believe that the artist-curator is far more likely to have an intuitively visual approach to curating, one which evokes a more direct audience response and one which contextualises the artworks in a fundamentally different way from the theoretical narratives of the academic/critic or the commercial concerns of the gallerist. After all, the latter could be perceived as (and often are) consumers or facilitators of art rather than creators, who have wangled their way into the position of retailers, middlemen and arbiters of public taste.
The artist-curator’s projects are more likely (although certainly not always) to be free from over reliance on text or academic justifications, the premise of our work is first and foremost, the creation and secondly, the explanation (if required), not the other way around. We can provide the personal experience of seeing through a maker’s eyes which affords viewers a greater sense of immediacy and intimacy – our exhibitions are not brokered or mediated by a third party.
For some it was also an adventure, a way of gaining greater control over the exhibition space, for others it was more of a team enterprise, a way of accessing a community of peers and avoiding isolation. Probably for all of us there was something about how we looked at the world when we were children, how we responded to visual or spatial organisation and combinations of different materials that drew us to an interest in curation. This urge to organise a wide range of visual components leads us to develop a skillset discrete from the production of our own personal artwork although it may grow out of it. There are however, many artists who do not share this urge and are not interested in it, most artists I know would rather stick pins in their eyes than have to curate.
Finally, I would like to quote Alex Julyan describing her purpose as artist curator in the most elegant and precise summation of all the ideas expressed by the contributors to this article:
“My purpose is to create clarity within complexity, dialogue between works and dialogue between the works / event and the audience. To pose questions not answers or certainties. To be true to the investment made by the artist in their work and to give them another perspective on it.”
Case Study: How I Curate A Show
Time: 3rd – 20th May, 2012
Exhibition: The City & The City: Contested Space
Venue: A.P.T Gallery, London
- Reading a book by China Miéville called The City and The City, which describes a dystopic metropolis where two cultures occupy the same physical space and have to be trained to un-see each other. The narrative, which is set in a vaguely futuristic/parallel world, reminded me very much of the situation in Jerusalem (on a political level) at first, but I began to see other more widespread paradigms. In so many of our cities divisions are economic, class, cultural, religious or even age related.
- There was a drug related murder in one of the houses around the corner from my home, this was such a shock. I know many of my neighbours, we have an active residents’ association and we’re a culturally diverse community in South London. Generally I go about my business not noticing or seeing drugs related activity because it isn’t part of my own life nor that of my family and friends, so this murder made me think about the people who walk the same streets that I do, but whose lives are parallel and rarely cross mine.
- I also thought about how I, as a woman, exist within what is sometimes a very threatening environment and how women the world over share these concerns and yet, very often the men who share our lives may worry about us but they don’t experience the threats in the same way.
My Own Practice:
I was making small scale sculptures on the theme of urban life and urban expectations as well as large scale paintings which explore the ways in which we seek, accept or reject new experiences.
- Identify which of my own artworks would ‘start’ the curatorial conversation
- Look at other artist websites and check out the archive of images which I’ve put together over the years with work by artists I know or am interested in.
- Identify a suitable gallery, in terms of scale, medium etc.
A group exhibition of 21 artists from mainland China, Africa, United Kingdom, Ireland, France and Taiwan, artworks including painting, drawing, mixed media installation, sculpture, photography and film. Each artist had a different interpretation of the theme.
The Unexpected: Sarah Rubidge, a choreographic installation artist, whose featured work was a video installation. She also had the idea of making a textile ‘river’ which would run through the gallery along the floor and have tributaries on the walls and floors which would connect to each artwork. I was a bit concerned at first that this might overpower the individual artworks, but we talked it through, discussed the methodology and decided to give it a go. Five of the featured artists were involved in the installation working as a team, a sort of curatorial ‘hive’.
When we installed the exhibition it was immediately evident that the ‘river’ had been an inspired idea on Rubidge’s part, it gave a wonderful visual narrative and sense of fun to the show.
We also wanted the show to have a generative aspect, so we ran weekly workshops, where adults and children could make ‘architectural’ additions, these were placed on the banks of the ‘river’. Little ‘cities’ grew up in different parts of the space and the exhibition grew in complexity as well as interest for the visitors. The workshops were organised so that lack of skill was no bar to having a good end result and because the materials we provided were easy to manipulate as well as being harmonious with the appearance of the show, the end result was magical.
This ‘hive’ curatorial model has great potential to result in diverse and inclusive exhibitions, the generative aspect of the installation and workshops create new audiences for contemporary art both in a museum or gallery context as well as in other public spaces. It also gives us, as artists and curators, the eye as well as the ear of the people.