Knowledge Should Be Priceless
知識無價


Interview with Paul Stewart
專訪保羅·斯圖爾特
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Paul Stewart is an artist and researcher focusing on themes of alternative learning and critical pedagogy. He has a BA (Hons) Fine Art from the University of Lincoln (2011) and also completed an MA in Art and Politics at Goldsmiths (2012). He is the Learning Research Assistant at Tate and the creator and Co-producer of The Alternative Art College.

保羅·斯圖爾特是一位藝術家同時也是一位研究員,他的工作重心是研究可替代性的學習方法和批判性教育學。他于2011年獲得英國林肯大學榮譽學士學位,并在2012年獲得了倫敦金史密斯學院藝術與政治專業的碩士學位,他是另類藝術學院的創始人和聯合出品人,現在他供職于泰特美術館從事助理教育調研工作。


 

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ART.ZIP: Would you please give us an introduction of your project, the Alternative Art College (AAC)? How did it start and what triggers the establishment of AAC?

PS: The Alternative Art College is a non-profit education facility, an online creative platform to critique higher education which I developed whilst studying for my Undergraduate (BA Fine Art). In 2010 the government begin to dismantle the higher education system, home students’ tuition fee increased to £9000 per year. The response to this was in the form of mass demonstration; this often was unsatisfactory because of the reaction of the authorities. In response to these events I set up the Alternative Art College in the tradition of protest art, as a proactive form of protest that was an alternative both to the prospect of an increasingly expensive education system and also to the existing forms of protest that were being used in 2010.

In short, the reason for the start up of the AAC is as a response to the current educational system, to question aspects of learning aimed to produce consumers of knowledge rather than participators in a grander scheme. The aim is to get students to question how they learn as well as what they learn and allow them to become active agents in a participatory learning experience.

The initial rationale behind the idea of the Alternative Art College in 2010 was to show that you could gain the same, if not a better understanding of a topic, than you could if you were to pay £9,000 to study at an education institution. Why is Higher education something that is only financially accessible? Knowledge should be priceless.

ART.ZIP: 可不可以給我們介紹一下你的“另類藝術學院(Alternative Art College,以下簡稱AAC)”項目?AAC是怎麼開始的,為什麼要建立一個這樣的學院呢?

PS: “另類藝術學院(AAC)”是一個非盈利的教育項目,通過網絡平臺來搭建一個質疑英國高等教育體制的平臺,建立它的時候我正在林肯大學讀我的純藝術專業本科。在2010年的時候,英國政府開始大刀闊斧的改革和破壞高等教育系統,本地學生的每學年學費漲到9000英鎊(約9萬人民幣),加之當局對民眾的呼聲沒有做出滿意回覆,由此引發了大規模的遊行抗議活動。對於這個事件,我成立了AAC來表達我的態度,這也是一種傳統上的通過藝術行為來進行抗議,這是一種主動的抗議形式,同時對上漲的昂貴的學費和既有的高等教育體制提出抗議。

簡而言之,建立AAC是為了對現在的教育體系做出質疑,現在的體系是為了培養“知識”的消費群體,而不是在宏觀上促進教育和鼓勵對教育的參與。我們的目的是讓學生們思考他們如何學習、學習什麼,從而使他們更好地,更積極地參與到學習的體驗中來。

在2010年,AAC想要表達的態度是,從教育的本質上來說,花費9000英鎊才能得到的教育資源也許在不花錢的情況下依舊可以實現,為什麼獲得高等教育是要有“金錢准入”原則的呢?知識本該是無價的。

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