Tate Modern

5 October 2022 — 12 March 2023


In autumn 2022, Tate Modern will present a once-in-a-generation exhibition of paintings, watercolours and drawings by Paul Cezanne (1839-19061). Famously referred to as the “greatest of US all” by Claude Monet, Cezanne remains a pivotal figure in modern painting who gave license to generations of artists to break the rules. Created amid a rapidly accelerating world, his works focus on the local and the everyday, concentrating on the artist’s own personal experiences to make sense of the chaos and uncertainty of modern life.


Paul Cezanne, Château Noir 1900-4. National Gallery of Art, Washington, Gift of Eugene and Agnes E. Meyer, 1958.10.1


The EY Exhibition:Cezanne will bring together around 80 carefully selected works from collections in Europe, Asia, North and South America, giving UK audiences their first opportunity in over 25 years to explore the breadth of Cezanne’s career. It will feature key examples of his iconic still life paintings, Provencale landscapes, portraits and bather scenes, including over 20 works never seen in the UK before such as the Basket of Apples (c.1893 The Art Institute of Chicago), Monk Sainte-Victoire (1902-06, Philadelphia Museum of Art) and Still Life with Milk Pot, Melon, and Sugar Bowl (1900-06, private collection). New research into the colors, compositions and techniques used in these works will reveal how the artist’s bold approach challenged conventions and in ways that continue to influence painters working today.



Tate Modern will bring 22 paintings, watercolours and drawings by Cezanne to the UK for the first time, including the highly revered oil painting, Still Life with Fruit Dish (1879—80) on special loan from the Museum of Modern Art, New York. Once owned by Paul Gauguin, the painting has enraptured generations of artists and critics, yet has never been exhibited in this Country before. A striking example of Cezanne’s mature still life paintings, the work creates a shallow, compressed space that flattens the sculptural volumes of the dish, glass, and the fruit. Roger Fry (1866-1934), the British artist and scholar, dedicated ten pages to the painting in his hugely influential book Cézanne – A Study of His Development 1927 passionately analyzing its composition and “perfect ” material quality. This text was pivotal in promoting Cezanne’s work to English-speaking audiences and confirmed his reputation as one of the most important modern European artists.

Paul Cezanne, Still life with Fruit DiSh l879-80. Museum of Modern Art, New York, gift of Mr. and Mrs. David Rockefeller, 1991,69.1991


Visitors to Tate Modern will discover the events, places and relationships that shaped Cezanne’s life and work. The exhibition will tell the story of a young ambitious painter from the Southern city of Aix-en-Provence, determined to succeed as an artist in metropolitan Paris in the 1860s, yet constantly rejected by the art establishment. It will reveal how he befriended Camille Pissarro and associated with the impressionists in the 1870s, but soon distanced himself from their circle and the Parisian art scene to forge his own path, returning to his native Provence in relentless pursuit of his own radical style.



The exhibition will trace Cezanne’s artistic development from early paintings made in his twenties such as the striking portrait Scipio (1866-8, Museo de Arte de Sao Paulo) through to works completed in the final months of his life like Seated Man (1905-6, Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid). Highlights will include a room of outstanding paintings depicting the limestone mountain Sainte-Victoire, charting the dramatic evolution of his style through this single motif. Another gallery will bring together several magnificent examples of Cezanne’s bather paintings, a lifelong subject for the artist, including the National Gallery’s Bathers (1894—1905), one of his largest and most celebrated paintings created in the final stage of his career.



While Cezanne is often mythologized as a solitary figure, the exhibition will spotlight the relationships central to his life, particularly his wife Marie-Hortense Fique and their son Paul, immortalized in paintings, such as Madame Cezanne in a Red Armchair (c.1877, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston) and Portrait of the Artist’s Son (1881-2, Musée de l’0rangerie, Paris). It will examine Cezanne’s intense relationship with childhood friend Émile Zola and will reveal how peers such as Monet and Pissarro were among the first to appreciate his unique vision. Many great artists even collected Cezanne’s works, with previous owners including Paul Gauguin, Pablo Picasso, Henri Matisse and Henry Moore. The exhibition catalogue will featured newly commissioned essays by contemporary artists including Kerry James Marshall, Lubaina Himid and Phyllida Barlow as a testament to Cezanne’s continuing legacy as an inspirational figure to artists today.


2022 10 5 — 2023 3 12


2022年秋季,泰特現代美術館將展出保羅·塞尚 (1839-19061)繪畫、水彩畫和素描的作品可謂百年一遇。被克勞德·莫奈(Claude Monet)稱為“我們最偉大的人”的塞尚仍然是現代繪畫中的關鍵人物,他讓後代藝術家們知道規則是可以打破的。塞尚的作品關注當地和日常生活,專注於藝術家本人的經歷,以對現代生活的混亂和不確定性的理解。

《EY特展–塞尚》匯集了80多件來自歐洲、亞洲、北美和南美的藏品,這些精心挑選的作品讓英國觀眾25年得到第一次探索塞尚職業生涯的機會。這次展覽展示了他標誌性的靜物畫、普羅旺斯風景、肖像和沐浴場景的經典作品,包括20多件以前在英國從未見過的作品,例如《蘋果籃子》(1893年,芝加哥藝術學院收藏)、《聖維克托僧侶 (Monk Sainte-Victoire)》(1902-06 年,費城藝術博物館收藏)和《牛奶罐、甜瓜和糖碗的靜物 》(1900-06年,私人收藏)。該展覽對這些作品中使用的顏色、構圖和技術的新研究揭示了塞尚挑戰傳統並繼續影響著當今畫家的大膽方式。



泰特現代美術館首次將塞尚22幅油畫、水彩畫和素描帶到英國,其中包括紐約現代藝術博物館特別租借的、備受推崇的油畫《靜物與水果盤,1879-80》。這幅畫曾為保羅·高更(Paul Gaugin)所有,令幾代藝術家和評論家為之傾倒,但此前從未在英國展出過。作為塞尚筆法成熟的靜物畫的一個突出例子,該作品創造了一個淺層而壓縮的空間,將盤子、玻璃和水果的立體形狀變得扁平。英國藝術家和學者羅傑·弗萊(Roger Fry)在其極具影響力的著作《塞尚-發展研究》中為這幅畫進行了長達十頁的熱情分析,詳細評述了這幅畫的構圖以及“完美”的質感。這段評論對於當時向英語世界的觀眾介紹塞尚的作品至關重要,並證實了他作為最重要的現代歐洲藝術家之一的聲譽。



觀眾可以通過此展覽探索影響塞尚生活和工作的事件、地點和關係。該展覽講述了一位來自南部城市艾克斯普羅旺斯、雄心勃勃的年輕畫家的故事,他決心在1860年代成為巴黎大都市的藝術家但卻不斷遭到藝術機構的拒絕。展覽揭示了他如何在1870年代與卡米爾·畢沙羅(Camille Pissarro)成為朋友並與印象派聯繫在一起,但很快塞尚就與他們的圈子和巴黎藝術界保持距離,開闢了自己的道路,回到他的家鄉普羅旺斯,不懈地追求屬於自己的激進風格。


Paul Cezanne Mont Sainte-Victoire 1902-6. Philadelphia Museum of Art. Gift of Helen Tyson Madeira, 1977, 1977-288-1


這次展覽追溯了塞尚的藝術發展歷程,從他20多歲時創作的早期畫作,《西皮奧(Scipio)》( 1866-8, Museo de Arte de Sao Paulo),到他生命結束前最後幾個月完成的作品,《坐著的男人(Seated Man)》( 1905-6, Museo Thyssen- Bornemisza)。展覽亮點包括一整個房間展出多幅描繪石灰岩山聖維克多的傑出畫作,塞尚通過這個單一主題展示了他的繪畫風格戲劇性的演變;另一個房間匯集了好幾幅塞尚著名的沐浴者畫作,這是藝術家畢生的主題,包括英國國家美術館收藏的《沐浴者(Bathers, 1894-1905)》,這是他在職業生涯最後階段創作的最大和最著名的畫作之一。


Madame Cezanne in a Red Armchair c.1877 Museum of Fine Arts, Boston


雖然塞尚經常被神話為一個孤獨的人物,但展覽突出了他現實生活中的核心關係,特別是他的妻子瑪麗·霍滕斯·菲克(Marie-Hortense Fique)和他們的兒子保羅,他們在畫作中永垂不朽,例如1877年創作的《紅扶手椅上的塞尚夫人(Madame Cezanne in a Red Armchair, 1877, 波士頓美術館收藏)》和《藝術家兒子的肖像(Portrait of the Artist’s Son, 1881-2, 巴黎橘園美術館收藏)。該展覽也審視了塞尚與兒時好友埃米爾·左拉(Émile Zola)的密切關係,並揭示了莫奈和畢沙羅等同齡人是如何率先欣賞他獨特的視野, 很多偉大的藝術家收藏了塞尚的作品,包括保羅·高更(Paul Gaugin)、巴勃羅·畢加索(Pablo Picasso)、亨利·馬蒂斯(Henri Matisse)和亨利·摩爾(Henry Moore)。 展覽的畫冊裡包括了當代藝術家Kerry James Marshall, Lubaina Himid和Phyllida Barlow撰寫的論文,印證了塞尚這位藝術先驅對現今藝術家的持續影響。



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